Cannabinoids and your body
Anyone familiar with cannabis has heard of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). These two compounds are both phytocannabinoids, which are compounds found naturally in the cannabis plant. These compounds interact with our bodies, and produce the familiar effects from the plant that many enjoy and benefit from. Our body contains an intricate system known as the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system helps us maintain a state of homeostasis. Cannabigerol (CBG) is a lesser known cannabinoid that is proving to have many unique benefits.
Cannabigerol was first discovered in 1964 by Raphael Mechoulam. Mechoulam is an organic chemist and professor of Medicinal Chemistry at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel. Along with his colleague Yehiel Gaoni and the research that they conducted, much of what we know about cannabinoids was discovered. Until recent years, research on cannabinoids in the United States has been highly regulated due to prohibition. Due to this, much of what we know about cannabinoids were discovered by these two scientists.
CBG is known as the parent cannabinoid. Cannabis plants produce cannabigerolic acid (CBG-A). Specific enzymes in the plant break down CBG-A, and biosynthesize it into other cannabinoids. These include the more familiar compounds tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), and cannabichromenic acid (CBCA). Scientists have also compared CBG to a stem cell due to the ability to convert into other cannabinoids. As with CBD, CBG is non-psychoactive, so you receive the medical benefits without feeling a “high”. In the right dose, CBG is proving to act as an antibacterial, anti-convulsive, anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, and appetite stimulant.
Possible health benefits of CBG
There are a number of health benefits of CBG. CBG is a non-intoxicating compound much like CBD, however it does improve mood. The body’s natural “bliss” molecule known as anandamide is engaged when CBG is consumed. Anandamide is also released during exercise, and is partially responsible for the runner’s high. Increasingly, people are using CBD for anxiety. CBG for anxiety is also proving to be very effective. Research has showed CBG is a GABA reuptake inhibitor. Due to these properties, many people suffering from social anxiety have had great success relieving their symptoms. Due to having more GABA in the brain, CBG can act as a social lubricant without the negative effects other social lubricants can present. It is also being studied in treating ailments such as Huntington’s Disease due to the neuroprotective properties associated with CBG.
Perhaps the most notable benefit of CBG is reduction of intraocular pressure. It has been well documented that medical cannabis can help patients suffering from glaucoma, and studies show CBG is largely responsible for these benefits. Further research is being conducted, but identifying and isolating particular cannabinoids is crucial in medical applications of these compounds.
High CBG concentration strains are now available from OC Wellness
Outside of the prohibition of cannabis, another obstacle to discovering the benefits of CBG was the low concentration of CBG in cannabis available commercially. Through selective breeding for a gene that does not convert the CBG into other cannabinoids, a strain of hemp has been created which boasts a whopping 15.8% CBG. Prior to this, concentrations averaging just 1% or lower were all that was available.
In the past, the low concentration of CBG made it extremely expensive to research and it was largely unavailable to consumers. Recently, CBG flower has become very affordable and can easily be ordered online. Much like the other strains of hemp flower Hempstrax has to offer, the taste is quite pleasant. It has notes of citrus and pine, and burns extremely clean. With the high levels of pinene found in the CBG flower, it acts as a bronchodilator, therefore opening up the airways. Scientists and hemp enthusiasts alike are learning more about CBG everyday, and many are receiving great relief from CBG flower.